" Wm Tomison's Journal of transactions at Cumberland House Commencing September 1790 Ending May 1791 by Wm Tomison."
[Cover]

September 4 1790
" Saturday Wind in the East quarter light Breezes weather Part cloudy Part clear. at three PM Embarked for Inland with 15 men more in four Canoes loaded with Near two thousand made Beaver in trading Goods. Paddled and tracked till eight then Put up a little below rainbow Island. for want of an old hand I am Obliged to Steer one of the Canoes myself."

Sept. 5
" Sunday Wind Southerly a fresh Breeze with clear fine weather. at five Am we embarked and Paddled a little way then Put out our lines and Tracked till Seven Pm then Put up 10 miles above Penny Cuttaway."

Sept. 6
" Monday Wind variable from West to North fresh Gales with heavy rain at times. at half Past five Am we Proceeded and Tracked till five Pm then Put up to Pitch and repaire our canoes."

Sept. 7
" Tuesday Wind Northerly light breezes with clear weather. at five Am we Proceeded and tracked till Seven Pm then Put up in the Hill River."

Sept. 8
" Wednesday Wind WSW a stiff Breeze with clear weather; at Six Am we Proceeded Tracked & handed till seven Pm then Put up. water very Shoal'd with a strong Rapped current which makes it the more Laborious. at noon meet two canoes of Bungee Indians going to York. those gave me 36 lbs dried moose flesh 3 lbs fat and two geese for which in return I gave them a little Brandy and Tobacco."

Sept. 9
" Thursday Wind Northerly a fresh breeze with a drizzling rain. at seven AM we Proceeded and tracked till a half Past seven Pm then Put up on the first Carrying Place."

Sept. 10
" Friday Wind in the East quarter a fresh breeze with thunder and Lightening attended with rain at intervals. at seven Am we Proceeded, Paddled handed and Carried till five Pm then Put up to Pitch and repair canoes."

Sept. 11
" Saturday Wind WNW a strong gale with rain at intervals; could not Proceed, this Part of the road being too bad to encounter with blowing weather."

Sept. 12
" Sunday Wind as yesterday weather Part cloudy Part clear. at eight Am we Proceeded, Paddled handed and carried till eight Pm. then put up had Several Carrying Places to day where we used to go with loaded Canoes."

Sept. 13
" Monday Wind in the North quarter fresh breezes with clear weather. at five Am we Proceeded handed, carried and Set with Poles till seven Pm then put up very much fatigued."

Sept. 14
" Tuesday Wind and weather as yesterday, at half Past five Am we Proceeded handed and Carried till four Pm then Put up at the Swampy lake to pitch and repair Canoes being almost cut to Pieces."

Sept. 15
" Wednesday Wind SE a fresh breeze weather cloudy with Thunder and Lightening attended with heavy rain which continued from Noon till four. at a half Past five Am we Proceeded, Paddled, handed and carried till Six Pm then Put up at the enterance of maskechequan or knee lake. set a net and Caught ten very good Pike."

Sept. 16
" Thursday Wind NNW a fresh gale weather Part cloudy Part clear. at Six Am we proceeded and Paddled along the weather Shore till four Pm then Sailed till Seven afterwards Paddled till a half Past eight then Put up. we have gon above 50 miles to day."

Sept. 17
" Friday Wind variable from NW to South a fresh gale with clear weather. at five Am we Proceeded Paddled handed and Carried till 6 Pm then Put up in Trout River."

Sept. 18
" Saturday Wind SE a strong gale weather clear till noon afterwards cloudy with rain. at Six Am we Embarked, Paddled and handed till noon then Put up at the enterance of Pethepaw wennepec or Deep water Lake, set a net but had no Succefs."

Sept. 19
" Sunday Wind WNW a fresh breeze weather Part Cloudy Part clear. at five Am we Proceeded and Paddled hard till three Am then got to the end of the Lake. afterwards handed and Carried till Six then Put up having by accident Brock one of our Canoes in the middle from gunnel to gunnel and Magnus Twat Narrowly escaped being drowned by the timely afsistance from the other canoes thank God no other Damage don."

Sept. 20
" Monday Wind Northerly a fresh gale with sleet & rain from one Am till one Pm afterwards flying Showers of Sleet. with much difficulty got the Canoe repaired by Seven Pm, indeed they are all in bad repaire as there was no weather to repaire them after the Arrival of your Honors Ship nor a sufficience of Country Pitch without English, which dos? not answer the purpose alon."

Sept. 21
" Tuesday Wind ESE a small breeze weather Part cloudy Part clear. at five Am we Embark'd and Paddled till noon afterwards, carried over the Hill Carrying Place and Proceeded to the white fall & at half Past eight Pm got all over except the Canoes. hear we fownd an Indian man and his wife but nad nothing with them but one goose and two Ducks.

Sept. 22
" Wednesday Wind variable from South to West and Blowed a stiff gale. at Six Am we Proceeded, at ten came to three tents of Indians, Part of which was bringing moose flesh. from these I traded 190 lbs of dried Provisions and some Pitch for our Canoes. at half Past seven Pm they brought 140 lb green flesh which I also traded for Brandy and ammunition. at eight we embarked but soon after obliged to Put up for Thunder & rain."

Sept. 23
" Thursday Wind varuable light Breezes with clear warm weather. at half Past five AM we embarked and Paddled hard till Six Pm then Put up ay the bottom Eachewemames River much fatigued with breaking through Beaver dam's, indeed I must say we are much obliged to that Industrious animal for their blocking Up the Water in this River."

Sept. 24
" Friday Wind variable from South to West with rain Proceeded and Paddled till noon when going up against a strong current two Canoes run foul of Each other by which one of them was so much damaged that it was five oclock before we got her repair'd. then we Put off again and Paddled till eight Pm then Put up in Sea River."

Sept. 25
" Saturday Wind WNW a small Breeze clear morning at half Past five AM we embark'd and Paddled till a half Past Six then it blowed very hard attended with heavy rain which continued till eight. at nine We Put off. Paddled till a half Past twelve then obliged to Put up as it blowed very hard with snow which Continued the remaining Part of the day. at ten AM was seperated from the other canoes."

Sept. 26
" Sunday Wind NW Squaly weather with snowy Showers at intervals. waited for the other Canoes till seven Am then embark'd Paddled and Sailed till a half Past one Pm then got to the Randesvou Lake where we waited till three then we Put off again supposing them to have gon ahead. at half Past Six Put up at the enterance of the Great Lake. the other canoes are Still behind."

Sept. 27
" Monday Wind SSW a fresh gale with clear weather. at seven Am the three canoes Came up all well, also two Indian canoes came after them on their Way to the Poplar River with Provifsions to the Canadians. I gave them a little Brandy and told them that I wanted Provifsions as much as the frenchmen did and could Pay as much for it. they immediately traded every thing they had which is as follows, dried meat 280 lbs, fat 10, and therty Beaver Skins, the latter I should not have Traded had they been going down to York Fort."

Sept. 28
" Tuesday Wind and weather as yesterday, still weather bownd. at noon the Indians went away before the Wind back to the Pike River."

Sept. 29
" Wednesday Wind variable from South to West and blowed very hard."

Sept. 30
" Thursday Wind variable in the North quarter. at Six Am we embarked and Paddled till nine Pm then the wind Shifted to the Southward which obliged us to Put ashore otherwise we Intended to have Paddled most Part of the Night."

Oct. 1 1790
" Friday Wind Southerly a strong gale with clear weather. Cut down the Woods and made a carrying Place acrofs the long Point then Proceeded to the Crofsing Place where we Put up."

Oct. 2
" Saturday Wind variable in the West quarter fresh gales with clear weather. at a half Past five Am we Proceeded and Paddled hard till a half Past nine Pm then Put up a little below the fall very much fatigued having gon against the Wind all day."

Oct. 3
" Sunday Wind WNW a fresh gale with clear weather. at Six Am we Proceeded up the fall finding it Practiable by the small quantity of water and Putting apart of our Cargous out and Tracked up the Short Carrying Place with the rest. at four Pm got all over and Proceeded to the long Carrying Place where we Put up to bring the rest of our Cargou which we Completed by a half Past Six."

Oct. 4
" Monday Wind NW a strong Gale weather as yestard, at half Past five Am we Proceeded and at nine got to the Crofs Lake where we Put up as it blowed very hard. here we fownd Franswa Ameeca? a Canadian with an Indian lad who had been waiting our arrival for these three Weeks Past for Tobacco to swan River, the Indian had killed two moose yesterday, one of which I traded also the flesh of one Beaver."

Oct. 5
" Tuesday Wind NW and a little moderat the after Part of the night. at three Am we embark'd and Paddled to the enterance of the Cedar Lake. at nine blowed very hard which obliged us to Put ashore. here I gave Franswa Amiet four Roles Tobacco and eight gallons of Brandy for Swan River. at four Pm we Put off again and Paddle till nine then Put up. the night being very dark could not venture to Crofs the great Bay it not being lefs than 15 miles over."

Oct. 6
" Wednesday Wind SE a fresh gale weather Part cloudy Part clear. at Six Am we Proceeded and at eight Obliged to Put ashore as the wind and swell increased."

Oct. 7
" Thursday Wind NNW a strong gale with flying showers of snow. at half Past six Am we Proceeded and Paddled along Shore all rownd the great Bay. at three Pm got to the South Branch of Saskechewan River and at eight Put up at the muddy Lake."

Oct. 8
" Friday Wind NE a moderat Breeze with clear weather. at Six Am we Proceeded and with much defficulty got through the muddy Lake into another Branch of Saskechewan River, not being able to go our usual Road for want of Water. at a half Past eight Pm Put up. froze very hard last night we had the Ice to Break all round the Canoes and for a Considerale way without them before we got into open water."

Oct. 9
" Saturday Wind South a fresh breeze with clear Sharp aire. at six Am we Proceeded amd Paddled hard till eight Pm then Put up."

Oct. 10
" Sunday Wind and weather as yesterday. at half Past five Am we embark'd and Paddled till nine Pm then Put up. at noon we Came to three families of Bungee Indians from the rain'y lake. from these I traded a little Provifsions, and gave them Credit for three guns, two hatchets , one Cotton Shirt and 14 Beaver in Ammunition and wanted many other articles which I had not to give."

Oct. 11
" Monday Wind SW a fresh gale with clear weather. at five Am we Proceeded Paddled and tracked till a half Past Seven Pm then Put up."

Oct. 12
" Tuesday Wind variable from SE to NW and blowed a strong gale towards evening. at five Am we Embark'd Paddled and tracked till five Pm then Put up at the Carrying Place not having Water to come up the little river as usual. at Six Pm got to Cumberland House where we fownd all well thank God, but they are and will be much destressed for want of Sturgeon Twine as also Trading goods, Brandy espesialy there being no more then 56 Gallons which is little more then 1/3 of last years Stock."

Oct. 13
" Wednesday Wind NW a stiff gale with clear weather. at eight return'd to the Carrying Place to get our canoes repaired. Sent five Roles Tobacco 3 Gallons Brandy 19 lbs Powder and 18 lbs Bristol Shot with some Corkwood to Cumberland House. the cold blowing weather Prevents our getting the canoes repaired so well as we Could wish."

Oct. 14
" Tursday Wind SW a small breeze weather Part cloudy Part clear. at a half Past five Am We Proceeded Paddled and tracked till eight Pm then Put up a little below the Sturgeon River."

Oct. 15
" Friday Wind Northerly a fresh gale weather cloudy with rain in the forenoon. at five Am we Proceeded Paddled and tracked till Seven Pm then Put up where we formerly used to begin Tracking."

Oct. 16
" Saturday Wind NW a fresh gale weather Cloudy with a strong frost last night. at half Past five Am We Proceeded Paddled and tracked till a half Past seven Pm then Put up."

Oct. 17
" Sunday Wind and weather as yesterday but much Colder. at Six Am we Proceeded, Paddled and Tracked till Seven Pm then Put up. a strong frost last night and all this day."

Oct. 18
" Monday Wind SSW a fresh breeze weather Part Cloudy Part clear. at Six Am we embarked, Paddled and Tracked till Seven Pm then Put up froze much harder last night then before."

Oct. 19
" Tuesday Wind in the south quarter and blowed very Cold till noon afterwards mild weather. at seven Am we Embarked Paddled and tracked till seven Pm then Put up. all the still water Bays are frozen over and the Ice so Strong as to beare the men in tracking. some small Ice driving in the River."

Oct. 20
" Wednesday Wind as yesterday with clear mild weather. at Six Am we Proceeded Paddled and tracked till a half Past Seven Pm then Put up."

Oct. 21
" Thursday Wind variable and almost calm. at Six Am we Proceeded and tracked till noon then Obliged to Put ashore at the Branch to Pitch our canoes. at half Past three Put off again and track'd till five then Put up, the road being too bad to go in the night. one of the young hands Sprained his ancle to day which has rendered him uncapable of doing duty."

Oct. 22
" Friday Wind WEW and moderat weather till ten Am afterwards blowed very hard. at Six Am we Proceeded Tracked and handed till eleven Am then Obliged to Put ashore not being able to get ahead against the Wind and Current. at four Pm we put off again and track'd till Six then Put up. so little water on the falls that one of the men Caught a sturgeon by the Tail that Weighed above 50 lbs."
[In the margin "NB the moon in Eclips between Six and Seven Pm."]

Oct. 23
" Saturday Wind NW a fresh breeze weather Part cloudy Part clear. at a half Past five Am we Proceeded and track'd till one Pm afterwards Paddled and Sett with Poles till Six then Put up."

Oct. 24
" Sunday Wind SW a stiff Breeze weather as yesterday but much colder and froze very hard in the night. at a half Past five Am we Proceeded, Paddled and Track'd till Seven Pm then Put up."

Oct. 25
" Monday Wind variable all round the Compafs with fine clear weather. at half Past five Am we Embarked as before till a half Past Six then Put up Seven miles above Hudson House."

Oct. 26
" Tuesday Wind WSW a small breeze weather s yesterday. at Six AM we Proceeded Tracked and Paddled till five Pm then Put up. airly this morning Sent Edward Wishart and John Sabeston to the South Branch to bring four Horses to afsist in going to Manchester House. also to bring five days Provifsions and men to fetch the Tobacco. killed a Bull Buffaloe to day but being very Poor took little of the flesh."

Oct. 27
" Wednesday Wind westerly and blowed a fresh Breeze, Thundered and rain'd a little in the night. at Seven Am we Proceeded and at nine we Put up to Wait for those sent to the South Branch House."

Oct. 28
" Thursday Wind NW a fresh breeze weather Part cloudy Part clear. at half Past five Pm the men return'd from the South branch and brought what they went for, also William Tate and John Thompson who goes to the upper House, and John forbes & John Pappla returns in their room. George Short & David Knarston goes to manchester House to Afsist Mr Walker down to the Branch."

Oct. 29
" Friday Wind WSW a fresh gale with clear weather. at Six Am we Proceeded Paddled and Tracked till Six Pm then Put up. Sent And. Davey, James Linkleter, John forbes and John Pappla to the South Branch with 400 lbs Tobacco."

Oct. 30
" Saturday Wind variable all round the Compafs clear weather. at a half Past Six Am we Proceeded Paddled and tracked till Six Pm then Put up. in the evening Crofsed the Horses over to the North Side the River as I expect a Change of weather very soon."

Oct. 31
" Sunday Wind WNW a fresh gale weather Part Cloudy Part clear and much colder than before. at Six Am We Proceeded Paddled and Tracked till Seven Pm then Put up."

Nov. 1 1790
" Monday Wind ENE a fresh breeze first Part foggy latter Part Snowed very hard. at Six AM cut the Ice all round the Canoes and Proceeded. much Ice driving in the River. Paddled and Sailed till two Pm then Put ashore to Breakfast but before three the River was so full of Ice that we could not go any farther by Water, indeed, I did not expect to get? so fare when I embarked from York Fort."

Nov. 2
" Tuesday Wind NW a fresh Gale first Part cloudy latter part clear weather. at nine Am set off for Manchester House accompanied by four men and four Horses loaded with Tobacco and mens lumber. traveled till five Pm then Put up. killed a bull buffalo which was very acceptable as we have very little Provifsions with us."

Nov. 3
" Wednesday Wind and weather as yesterday. at half Past Six Am we set of and Traveled till Six Pm then Put up, by Chance falling on a small spot of grass for the horses, all on this side the River being burnt for many days Journey."

Nov. 4
" Thursday Wind WSW a fresh breeze with clear Weather. at a half Past Six Am we set out and traveled till Six Pm then put up. at noon Crofsed Turtle River and Pafsed by two tents of Canadians hunting for themselves."

Nov. 5
" Friday Wind and weather as yesterday. at Six Am We set out and traveled till noon then arriv'd at Manchester House where I found Mr Walker and all under his Command well Thank God."

Nov. 6
" Saturday Wind NW a small breeze with clear Weather. the People employed about various Duty. in the afternoon four Men Came home from those Sent out to find themselves. they have been two days comming from their tents on horseback, and have had but little succefs as yet."

Nov. 7
" Sunday Wind variable all round the Compafs. sent Men and hors to bring the Tobacco and mens Lumber. in the evening a fall Indian Came for Tobacco."

Nov. 8
" Monday Wind Southerly a small breeze with clear fine weather. Gilbert Laughten working at his shop. one man looking for a stray hors. taylor at work for the men and the rest Collecting firewood. gave the Indian Tobacco and Put him acrofs the River at noon."

Nov. 9
" Tuesday Wind ENE a light breeze with cloudy weather. the men employed as yesterday. late in the eveing two men Came hom from the hunting tent brought Part of a Cow buffalo."

Nov. 10
" Wednesday Wind Easterly a small breeze weather as yesterday with snow last night and most Part of this day the men repairing Sleds and Cut firewood. took a survey of Stores and trading Goods by which I find most articles are very scarce and some none at all. not above 3090? made Beaver exclusive of the Tobacco now brought which is not half the goods that was here last year."

Nov. 11
" Thursday little Wind variable with cloudy mild weather. the men employed about various Jobbs."

Nov. 12
" Friday Wind WSW a fresh gale with clear weather. Sent nine men to Collect firewood for winter use. two men Sawing Stuff for Sleds and the rest employed within doors."

Nov. 13
" Saturday Wind WNW weather as yesterday. the Taylor making Cloathing for the men. Gilbert Laughten cutting the large kegs and making them smaller. the rest employed as yesterday. at noon Mr Walker set out for the South Branch Accompanied by the two men that Came up for that Purpose, George Short and David Knarston."

Nov. 14
" Sunday little wind in the East quarter with Clear weather."

Nov. 15
" Monday Wind WNW a fresh Gale weather Part Cloudy Part clear. the People employed as follows, the Smith repairing kegs, Taylor making Cloathing for the men, two men getting mudd to repaire the Chimneys, and the rest Collecting firewood. at noon three Indians arrived from the Westward, brought 75 made Beaver in furs which they traded and went away. late in the evening the men return'd with the goods brought all safe."

Nov. 16
" Tuesday Wind Easterly a stiff Gale with cloudy weather. the People employed about various Duty. one Indian man and his wife arrived in the night brought the flesh of eliven Beaver and twenty Beaver in furs. also at noon one tent of Assinepoiet Indians arrived on the other side the River. and at five Pm with much Defficulty got them acrofs. they traded a little Liquor and got drunk."

Nov. 17
" Wednesday Wind westerly a small Breeze weather as yesterday. the Smith repairing Indian guns, the taylor making Cloathing for Trade the rest cut firewood and did odd Jobbs within doors. James Gaddy, James Johnston and George Stanger return'd those? came up with the goods. also fitted out John Sabeston and John Flat and sent them away with the above. traded with the Indians & Presented them some articles as usual and they went away. these have Brought 131 made Beaver in furs and 30 lbs provisions."

Nov. 18
" Thursday Wind NW a fresh breeze cloudy weather with Snow Last night and Part of this day. Gilbert Laughten cutting the large kegs down and making them smaller. taylor at work for the men. the rest Carrying snow out of the yard. at noon fitted out William Flat, Edward Wishart, magnus Tate and Nicholas allen and sent them away to hunt Provisions for themselves, there being more men at the house than Can be supported."

Nov. 19
" Friday Wind Northerly a fresh Gale with Snow all day. the men employed repairing Sleds."

Nov. 20
" Saturday Wind as yesterday a small breeze with clear weather. the men employed carrying Snow out of the yard and Cut firewood."

Nov. 21
" Sunday Wind WNW a fresh Gale with clear Sharp weather."

Nov. 22
" Monday Wind and weather as yesterday. the men employed as follows, sent two men to bring home some Red deers meat that an Indian kill'd last even'g, one man looking for stray horses but return'd without finding them. Gilbert Laughten repairing kegs. taylor making Cloathing for the men, the rest Cut firewood and made a track to haule Wood from an Island above. late in the evening William Rich Came home from the hunting tent, he informs me that they were almost Starved for want of Provisions, having killed nothing for some time Past except one Red deer last night."

Nov. 23
" Tuesday Wind NW a stiff breeze with sharp weather. the men employed about various Duty."

Nov. 24
" Wednesday Wind and weather much the same as before. the smith making firesteels and awle blades. there not being one in the house. Mag. Twat repairing a Bige Sled and the rest Cut firewood Excep three sent away with William Rich to bring home flesh."

Nov. 25
" Thursday Wind Easterly a fresh Breeze weather Part Cloudy Part clear. the smith employed as before, Magnus Twat sharpening the Crofs Cut saws, and the rest hauling home firewood."

Nov. 26
" Friday Wind variable from SE to SW a stiff gale with clear sharp weather. Magnus Twat making a Sled for hauling firewood and the rest employed as yesterday."

Nov. 27
" Saturday Wind variable in the West quarter with Clear Sharp weather. Smith and taylor employed in there way and the rest Cut firewood. in the evening our hunter Came home having left the men that went for meat on the Road homeward."

Nov. 28
" Sunday Wind Southerly a small Breeze with clear mild weather. at noon those that went for flesh on Wednesday return'd and have brought the most Part of a Red Deer."

Nov. 29
" Monday Wind variable with fine mild weather. the Smith making small Nails for Sleds, two men sawing Stuff for ditto, and the rest hauling firewood."

Nov. 30
" Tuesday little Wind in the SW quarter with fine weather. the men employed as before, in the even'g two Sufsew Indians and three of the Southward Indians arrived, and have brought a few furs to Trade."

Dec. 1 1790
" Wednesday Wind variable in the South quarter a small Breeze with cloudy weather. Smith making awle Blades, Taylor making boys Coats for trade, and the rest Collecting firewood. traded with the Indians that Came yesterday and made them small Presents as usual. they have brought 130 made Beaver in furs and 40 lbs of Provisions, these have rune very hard on Brandy and hatchets, two articles that is very Scarce here of the former very few Came here last fall, and of the Latter no more then 120 Gallons which is but a small Stock to Procure Provisions for 46 men and Furs for the Honorable Company. late in the Evening Six Blackfeet men with their families arrived."

Dec. 2
" Thursday Wind Easterly a small Breeze with warm weather. sent four men to fetch flesh from the hunting tent. taylor and smith employed as before, and the rest Clearing away the Snow from the frunt of the House, traded with the Indians and at noon they went away. these have brought no more then 59 made Beaver in Wolves & foxes. Provisions of sorts 204 lbs. those? are an Indolent set of Indians for killing furs, and never have traded here before but alwise with the Canadians; in the evening Isaac Batt and three men more Came home and Wants to go to the Blood Indians, but the want of goods I am not able to fitt him out. also two young Indian lads arrived with a few furs to trade."

Dec. 3
" Friday Wind variable light breezes with thawing weather. the smith making awleblades and firesteels. taylor making cloathing for the men. magnus Twat making Sleds, and the rest Collecting firewood. in the evening those return'd that went for meat. have brought one Red Deer. traded 30 made Beaver from these that Came yesterday. one of them I have been obliged to engage to hunt for the house."

Dec. 4
" Saturday Wind Easterly a small breeze with clear warm Weather. the men employed about various Jobbs. William Rich and the other two men Came home with two Deer from the hunting tent. in the evening Isacc Batt and those with him Pitched away, and have Sent the young Indian along with him to hunt for the house."

Dec. 5
" Sunday Wind NW a fresh Gale with clear Sharp weather."

Dec. 6
" Monday Wind Easterly a small breeze with cloudy rimy weather. the smith repairing his Vice. taylor making boys Coats for trade. magnus Twat turning heads for Sleds, and the rest Collecting firewood."

Dec. 7
" Tuesday Wind and weather as yesterday. Magnus Twat making Snow Shoes and the rest employed as yesterday. in the evening an Indian lad came from the hunting tent for men to fetch meat."

Dec. 8
" Wednesday Wind NW a fresh gale first Part cloudy latter Part clear. sent four men to bring meat. Gilbert Laughten cleaning and repairing Trading guns. Magnus Twat making sleds and the rest cut firewood."

Dec. 9
" Thursday Wind variable fresh Breezes with clear sharp weather. four men with two horses hauling firewood, and the rest employed as yesterday. those that went for meat return'd brought three deer and a half. a large flock of geese seen flying to the Southward which is not Common to see at this season of the year."

Dec. 10
" Friday Wind ENE a fresh Breeze weather as yesterday. Gilbert Laughten repairing Trading guns that was Brocken on the Pafsage up last summer. Taylor making Cloathing for Trade. Mag. Twat Plaineing Stuff for Sleds and the rest Cut firewood. in the evening one tent of afsinnepoiet Indias arriv'd with furs to Trade."

Dec. 11
" Saturday Wind Easterly a stiff breeze weather cloudy and inclineable to Snow. four men with two horses hauling firewood and the rest employed about various duty. Traded with the Indians and at noon they went away. these have brought 136 made Baver in Sundry furs. in the evening two families of Indians arrived from within, divided their furs and sent one half here and went to the Canadians with the other."

Dec. 12
" Sunday Wind NW a fresh gale with cold drifting weather. in the evening the Indians Came from the french house and Traded what furs they sent here which amounted to 96 parchment Beaver."

Dec. 13
" Monday Wind and weather much the same as yesterday. the men employed as last Week. in the evening one man Came from the hunting tent for men to fetch flesh."

Dec. 14
" Tuesday Wind variable weather as yesterday. sent two men to fetch meat and the rest employed as before."

Dec. 15
" Wednesday little wind variable with cloudy mild weather. the People employed as formerly. at noon those Came home that went for meat yesterday brought the most Part of a bull Buffalo, also two men Came home from Isacc Batts tent for men to fetch meat."

Dec. 16
" Thursday Wind Southerly a small breeze with clear Sharp weather. Sent four men with dogs to fetch meat. the smith repairning guns, Taylor making Coats for Leading Indians, and the rest Collecting firewood."

Dec. 17
" Friday Wind and weather as before. the men employed as yesterday. in the afternoon those return'd that went for meat brought one Red Deer & three Poor Buffalo, also James Spence and eight men more Came home with the flesh of three Cow buffalo, and have been three days on their Journey here. they say there is no buffalo to be seen on this side of their tents; late in the evening afsinnepoiet Indian arrived from the Westward and informs me that they are all starving for want of Provisions owing to the ground being all burnt last Summer. which has Caused a great Scarcity of buffalo all over the Country."

Dec. 18
" Saturday Wind WNW a fresh gale with clear Warm weather. the men employed hauling and Cutting firewood. gave the Indian Tobacco and a little Ammunition and he went away."

Dec. 19
" Sunday Wind westerly a small breeze with Cloudy mild weather. airly this morning James Spence and those with him return'd back to their tents. at noon an Indian lad Came from the hunting tent for men to fetch meat."

Dec. 20
" Monday little wind variable with clear fine weather. sent two men to fetch meat from the hunting tent which return'd with one Red Deer & a half. Taylor making Leaders Cloathing, myself Running small shot into Ball. the rest hauling and Cut firewood."

Dec. 21
" Tuesday Wind Southerly a small Breeze with Clear warm weather. the Smith repairing Trading Guns. Mag. Twat making Sleds, and the rest employed as yesterday. in the evening our hunters Came to the house Starving for want of Provisions."

Dec. 22
" Wednesday Wind Westerly a small breeze weather Part cloudy Part clear; the men employed as yesterday. in the evening four Southward and two Afsinnepoiet Indians arriv'd from the Beaver hills with furs to Trade."

Dec. 23
" Thursday Wind variable from East to N a fresh Breeze with a drizzling snow most Part of the day. Smith and taylor as before and the rest variously employed. traded with the Indians and Presented them some Tobacco with several other articles to induce their neighbours to come here to trade. these have Brought 190 made Beaver and informs me of a Larger Number left at their tents."

Dec. 24
" Friday Wind and weather much the same as before. the People variously employed. at noon the Indians went away, and have sent Presents of tobacco to several others to induce them to come here, being well informed that several Indians has left this house on acct. of the Trading Standard having been raised in my absence, which will Cost more before they are brought back then all the profit that arose from that Branch of Trade. Leaders that always traded with me are now Cloathed at the french houses and trades with them."

Dec. 25
" Saturday Wind and weather as before, Colours flying in Rememberance of the day."

Dec. 26
" Sunday Wind variable with cloudy mild weather gave our hunters ammunition and they Pitched away; in the evening two afsinnepoiet Indians arriv'd with a trifle of furs to trade, as also did a Southward Indian lad from the Northward."

Dec. 27
" Monday Wind variable light breezes weather Cloudy with rain in the evening, sent James Tate a hunting and at Six Pm return'd having killed one Red Deer, it being Christmafs time did not order the Rest to duty, the Indians traded and went away."

Dec. 28
" Tuesday Wind Northerly a small breeze with clear fine weather. sent two men to fetch meat which Returned in the evening."

Dec. 29
" Wednesday Wind Southerly a fresh breeze weather Part Cloudy Part clear. Gilbert Laughten stocking a Broken Pistol; taylor making Leaders Cloathing Mag. Twat turning snow shoe frames, and the rest Cut and haul'd firewood. at noon Isacc Batt and those with him Came home Starving for want of Provisions."

Dec. 30
" Thursday Wind Easterly a fresh Breeze with thick rimy weather. the People employ as yesterday."

Dec. 31
" Friday Wind variable all round the Compafs. Clear fine weather. the People variously employed. Isacc Batt Pitched away to a Pound at the Beaver hills and have sent four men along with him not being able to Provide for them at the house. I have given Isacc Batt orders to endeavour to send the Indians in with dried Provisions, and have sent tobacco with him to give them encouragement on that head, as also to Bring their furs."

Jan. 1 1791
" Saturday little Wind Southerly with very warm weather for this Season of the year. the men making harmlefs Diversion, but so sober that they have Not drank a Drop of Brandy since Christmafs, myself having Collected what they had amongst? them before it Came for Trade, which amounted to nine Gallons and three quarts. and had I been here Sooner, would have Collected five Times that quantity alowing then one quart at the factory for every Pint here."

Jan. 2
" Sunday little Wind variable with clear fine weather."

Jan. 3
" Monday Wind variable all round the Compafs weather as yesterday. sent James Tate in search of the Hunter. the Smith employed in the armourer's way. taylor making Cloathing for the men. magnus Twat making Sleds and the rest hauling and cut firewood. at noon James Tate return'd having fallen in with some Indian who had seen the Hunter two days ago three days Journey from this. I blame Mr Walker much for engaging such worthlefs Rascals when he could have had better. in the evening one tent of Indians arrived from the Moose hills with furs to Trade."

Jan. 4
" Tuesday little Wind variable with cloudy warm Weather. the men employed as yesterday. traded with the Indians and gave them every thing in my power to Give."

Jan. 5
" Wednesday Wind NW a stiff Gale with a little snow. the men employed as before. at noon the Indians went away. they have brought 190 made Beaver in Whole and half Parchment."

Jan. 6
" Thursday Wind and weather much the same as yesterday. fitted out James Tate, Magnus Twat and Six others to go to the Beaver hills to hunt Provisions for themselves as I cannot Procure Provisions for them here. Sent two men away with an Indian that I have engaged to hunt for the House. this Indian Came in to trade with the Canadians two days ago. Gilbert Laughten and three men more bringing home Charcoal for Smiths use and the rest Cut a little firewood."

Jan. 7
" Friday Wind Southerly a small breeze with Cloudy mild weather. the eight men fitted out yesterday Pitched away for the Beaver hills. the rest Cut and haul'd firewood. at noon two tents of Pegogomy Indians arrived with furrs to Trade, three of which I was obliged to Cloath tho much against my inclineation as my goods are very Short."

Jan. 8
" Saturday Wind and weather much the same as yesterday. the smith repairing Indian Guns & Kittls, and the rest Cut firewood. traded with the Indians and Presented the leaders Presents as usual. these have brought upwards of 500 made Beaver in Wolves, foxes and Beaver, and a small quantity of Pounded meat and fat."

Jan. 9
" Sunday Wind Northerly a fresh breeze with Cloudy weather. at 10 AM the Indians went away."

Jan. 10
" Monday Wind Easterly a small Breeze weather clear and Cloudy alternately. the Smith and three men bringing home Charcoal for smiths use. two men looking for a horse but return'd without finding him, found the track of two thieves that had stole him, these are Part of a Band Come from the other side of the Touch,Wood hill in Purpose to Steal horses. and the rest Cut firewood."

Jan. 11
" Tuesday Wind variable almost Calm weather clear and cloudy alternately. the Smith repairing a gun lock, Taylor making Cloathing for the men and the rest Cut firewood."

Jan. 12
" Wednesday Wind SW a fresh gale with very warm weather and thawed much. the Smith & taylor as before and the rest hauld firewood."

Jan. 13
" Thursday Wind variable between W and NW a strong Gale and Thunder at intervals[In the margin "NB thunderd much in the Night"]. the men employed as yesterday; at noon one tent of the Swampy ground afsinnepoiet Indians arrived. Brought 30 Beaver and demanded guns Brandy and other articles at his own Price which I could not Comply with, as he would trade nothing els with me, I told him he most go and trade those article where he trades his other necefsaries."

Jan. 14
" Friday little Wind variable with clear fine weather. Gilbert Laughten repairing a old hunting gun myself melting shot into Ball, and the rest cut firewood."

Jan. 15
" Saturday Wind WNW a small Breeze till noon afterwards blowed very hard with showers of Snow at intervals. the Smith employed as before and the rest hauld firewood."

Jan. 16
" Sunday Wind variable Several times all round the Compafs."

Jan. 17
" Monday Wind and weather as yesterday. the Smith repairing a kettle, and the rest hauling firewood."

Jan. 18
" Tuesday Wind variable light Breezes with clear fine weather. Gilbert Laughten making firesteels, and the rest hauling firewood."

Jan. 19
" Wednesday Wind SE a gentle Breeze weather as before. the men employed as yesterday. in the evening two Indian lads Came from the hunting tent at the Red Deers Hill for men to fetch meat."

Jan. 20
" Thursday Wind NNW a stiff Gale weather Part Cloudy Part clear. Sent five men to fetch meat and the rest Cut firewood. at 10 Am two muddy and two Blood Indians Came for Tobacco."

Jan. 21
" Friday Wind variable with cloudy mild weather. Gilbert Laughten making awle Blades out of some old Iron hoops, and the rest Cut firewood. in the evening those return'd that went for meat yesterday brought four Deer and a half. gave the Indians Tobacco and they went away, in the evening one of the Same band Came for some Brandy which I would not Comply with had I a much larger Stock then I have."

Jan. 22
" Saturday Wind Southerly amost Calm with fine Clear weather. Sent four men to fetch meat, and the rest employed within doors. at noon Six tents of Blood, Blackfeet, and muddy River Indians arrived Poorly gooded, five of these I have Rided? as usual."

Jan. 23
" Sunday Wind variable with cloudy mild weather. Traded with all the Indians and made the Leaders Presents as usual, had they had furs according to their number they would have had above 1500 skins which they will be fare short of."

Jan. 24
" Monday Wind Southerly a small Breeze with clear fine weather. the Smith making awle Blades, and the rest employed within doors. at 10 Am the Indians went away. these have no more than 595 made Cheifly in Wolves and foxes, and 150 lbs Provisions."

Jan. 25
" Tuesday Wind variable and almost Calm with thick rimy weather. the Smith employed as before, and the rest Cut firewood. at noon John Harper Came home from the hunting tent for men to fetch Meat."

Jan. 26
" Wednesday Wind Southerly a small Breeze with sharp rimy weather. Sent five men with dogs to fetch meat and the rest employed within doors. at noon James Tate and Six young Indians came for Tobacco for Six tents of Indians that will arrive to morrow. gave them nine Pounds Tobacco Powder three lbs and Vermilion one oz. and they went away."

Jan. 27
" Thursday Wind variable with clear fine weather. Taylor and one man making Leaders Cloathing and the rest variously employed. at noon the Sufsew and Southward Indians arrived, seven of these I was obliged to rige which runs very hard on my small stock of goods. to Prevent mischeif I took all Guns, hatchets, Knives and Bayonets in my Pofsefsion leaving them an arrow barb to Cut their Tobacco with."

Jan 28
" Friday Wind NW a fresh Breeze with cloudy weather. the Smith repairing Indians Guns. Sent three men to fetch meat, and the rest doing odd Jobbs within doors. Traded with several of the Indians but find myself much at a Loss for want of goods."

Jan. 29
" Saturday Wind NW a fresh Gale with clear Sharp weather. the People employ as yesterday. myself Busy Trading with the Indians but being Short of Brandy, Guns and hatchets some went and traded those articles at the Canadian House. in the evening those returnd that went for meat yesterday brought three red Deer. four tents of Indians went away."

Jan. 30
" Sunday Wind NE a fresh Gale with snow and Drift most Part of the day. finished trading with the Indians but the weather being bad Prevented there going away. late in the evening one tent of fall Indians arriv'd Poorly gooded. those that Came on the 27 Inst. has brought upwards 1200 md Beaver in Sundry furs and 200 lbs of Provisions."

Jan. 31
" Monday Wind variable with clear sharp weather. Gilbert Laughten repairing an Indians gun and the rest Clearing the snow out of the yard and attending the house to Prevent the Indians from Pilfering. Traded with the fall Indians and made the Leader a small Present as he was very Poor. these have brought 150 made Beaver in Wolves and foxes, and 50 lbs Provisions. the Indians that went away on Saturday Put up on the other side the River, and got drunk, and two of those who traded at the Canadian house quarreled and one Put an arrow barb into the others belly. his friends brought him here this evening but I desired them to Carry him to the house he traded at where he Got the Liquor that made him unsensible which they did. all the others went away as also did the fall Indians."

Feb. 1 1791
" Tuesday Wind NW a fresh Breeze with Snow till noon afterwards fine weather. the men employed Carrying Snow out the yard, and doing odd Jobbs within doors."

Feb. 2
" Wednesday Wind variable with thick rimy weather. Gilbert Laughten making awle Blades and the rest hauling firewood. at noon an Indian lad arriv'd from the hunting tent for men to fetch meat."

Feb. 3
" Thursday Wind Northerly a small breeze with clear weather. Sent four men to fetch meat and the rest Cut firewood."

Feb. 4
" Friday Wind variable from East to North a fresh Gale with cloudy weather. the men employed hauling firewood and doing odd Jobbs within doors. late in the evening those Came home that went for meat yesterday brought three deer."

Feb. 5
" Saturday Wind NNW a fresh Breeze with cloudy weather the men Cut firewood and Cleared the snow out that fell in the night."

Feb. 6
" Sunday Wind and weather as yesterday."

Feb. 7
" Monday Wind NW a fresh breeze with a drizzling Snow. Sent four men with dogs to fetch meat, and the rest employed about necefsary Jobbs within doors."

Feb. 8
" Tuesday Wind SE a fresh Breeze with cloudy drifting weather. Gilbert Laughten employed in the Cooper way and the rest doing odd Jobbs without and within Doors."

Feb. 9
" Wednesday Wind Southerly a fresh Breeze with Clear weather. two men Sawing a few Plank for necefsary use and the rest Cut firewood. in the evening those mentioned that went for meat on monday brought one deer and a half."

Feb. 10
" Thursday Wind variable weather clear and cloudy alternatly Gilbert Laughten employed in the Cooper way and the rest hauling firewood."

Feb. 11
" Friday Wind Easterly a small Breeze weather as yesterday but milder. the Taylor making Indian Cloathing. Gilbert Laughten as before and the rest Cut firewood."

Feb. 12
" Saturday Wind NW a small Breeze weather Cloudy with a little snow. Gilbert Laughten repairing the Lock of the gates and the rest hauling firewood."

Feb. 13
" Sunday Wind Northerly a fresh Breeze weather Cloudy and clear alternatly."

Feb. 14
" Monday Wind Easterly a stiff breeze with a drizzling Snow most Part of the day. Sent John Stickler with a Packet to the Branch and the rest Cut firewood."

" A Copy of a letter Sent to mr. Will. Walker Master at the South Branch House.

Manchester House 13th Feb. 1791
Mr William Walker
Sir, I embrace this opportunity of enquiring after your health and all under your Direction. Thank God we all here enjoy health Peace and Plenty. Such Plenty I make no doubt many People would call a scarcity, but you and I who have long experinced such call it Plenty. you have offten heard I make no doubt that I would Starve a dog? but as yet thank God I never have starved a man who would follow my Directions = its true I could not Prevail on one Person to accompany me up last fall, but I say such men are not worthy of the Hon.able Company's employ who would not first eat the Soure apple and than the sweet, but I find Now days all is fond of being Placed in the arm Chair at once not Considering whither they are for the Company's Interest or not = Sir, being in a Strait for want of goods, induces me to inform you thereof, and should you be able to supply me with a Part of any article Except lead, bayonets, Beads, and Tobacco, it will be very acceptable and thankfuly rec'd by your mt obt H. S. = as to Guns and Pistols I have non; what you left are all Traded and three more I have Borrowed from the men, and after all many skins has been Lost for want of that article = since your departure from this I have Traded 3,700 made Beaver and most of the Blood and Peekenow Indians has not yet arrived. and but few from within = the flying up man and those with him has been in and has gon a beaver hunting and is Promised to be in again in the spring. but before that time there will be nothing here they want, which is Liquor, Cloth, and Guns = Provisions has been but Scarce since you went from this. nothing but Poor Red deers meat and that the men are two & three days in bringing from the Red deer hills. the Hunters you engaged went off in the latter End of December, unknown to me, so that I had some deficulty before I could Procure others = I was obliged to send out eight men more to Provide for themselves, so that the few men now at the house Cannot Procure firewood Sufficient to Burn, which renders me unable to send any more then one man on this Expedition = but should you have any Trading goods to spaire you will Please to Convey them to four tents of our men that are hunting at the Bloody Berry hill and they will Convey them hither and those you send to afsist may return back = you will Please to save one bag of Shot bristol for Cumberland House and send it down as soon as Conveyance will allow. I have been obliged to make all into ball you Left here = you will also be Careful to make great Expedition in forewarding Canoe building in the Spring, and of a better and stronger construction then of Late, as the Honorable Company Wishes to have Canoes Build for their Interest as well as for the men; which will be by making two, three, and four trips down to York Fort avoid'g Accidents. it is to be considered that there is much Truble and Expence in Procuring Birchrind, for which reason great Care Should be taken to make the Best use thereof; having nothing more to add I conclude with wishing Succefs to the Company's affaires, health and happines to you and all under your Direction, & Remain
Dear Sir,
your most Obedient
Humble Servant
William Tomison.
P.S. Sir, if you will Please if Pofsible to Procure 20 Bags of Pemmecan for the Journey down, I have not been able to Procure much of that kind of Provisions Since your Departure."

Feb. 15
" Tuesday Wind NW a fresh Breeze weather clear and Cloudy alternatly. the men employed hauling firewood. at noon two Blackfeet Indians Came for Tobacco, also one of the hunters Came home for men to fetch meat."

Feb. 16
" Wednesday Wind Easterly a stiff Breeze with cloudy Cold weather. Gilbert Laughten making a part of the Prefs for Packing furs, and the rest Cut firewood, except four who went for meat; in the evening two tents of Black feet Indians arrived two of which I was obliged to Rige."

Feb. 17
" Thursday Wind as yesterday a fresh breeze with Clear weather. the men employed Carrying Snow out of the yard that fell in the night. in the afternoon those Came home that went for meat yesterday brought three deer. traded with the Black feet Indians and Presented them a few tifling articles as they were very Poor. eight men having brought no more then 140 made Beaver in Wolves & foxes."

Feb. 18
" Friday Wind as yesterday weather cloudy with snow most Part of the day. the men employed Carrying Snow out of the yard and attending the House. in the evening the Indians went away having left a lad about fifteen years of age who was blown up with Powder the day they arrived, and those that Traded at the other house has left another. boath of which are in miserable Condition. this accident happned by Powder from the Canadian house and one of those that are hurt had it in Care."

Feb. 19
" Saturday Wind westerly a small breeze with cloudy weather. the People employed Carrying snow out of the yard and doing odd Jobbs within doors. late in the evening Magnus Spence and Hugh folster Came for some necefsaries."

Feb. 20
" Sunday Wind WNW a small breeze with Clear fine weather."

Feb. 21
" Monday Wind variable weather cloudy with a little snow at times. the men employed about various Jobbs. late in the evening receiv'd a Letter from Mr Philip Turnor by the arrival of four Canadians from that quarter, in which he desires me to send by the said Conveyance what Letters I had for him but I am sorry to find he is where he is and not farther advanced on his expedition."

" A Copy of a Letter Received from Mr Philip Turnor; at Isle La Crofs Dec. 22d 1790
Sir
with the kind afsistance of Mr Small we arrived safe at this Place on Oct. 7th without any thing meterial happening to us.
We have had a very indifferent time here as our Whole dependance has been on fish of which by the afsistance of mr Small we get as many as keeps us though far from as many as many as we could eat, last Sunday we got as much Mooseflesh as will serve us four days which is all we have had at this Place.
Our stock of twine would not have been half sufficient to have kept us this winter if it would have caught fish, but we cannot take any with it, the late Geo. Hudson frequently informed me that a fine kind of Twine came on Purpose for this Place and shewed me a somple of it but malcom Rofs Could not find any of it therefore was forced to take such as he could find, if Mr Small had not afsisted us with Net thread we should have been in the greatest distrefs if not totally perrished.
Mr Small has promised me to Bring some twine from Cumberland House nixt Summer if any arives time enough from York Factory therefore Beg you will send us 30 Skiens of Twine of the same kind as the enclosed and 16 Net lines. I have enclosed a Pattern as I find by woful experience I am not intellegable. I hope you will be particular about the twine, it would not have been long I should have been able to have subsisted Last fall had not Mr Small afsisted us. as neither Peter Fidler or myself had a single grain of barley or one ounce Oatmeal, we may say we had a little flour but that would only serve to swear by.
If any letter are arrived for me or Malcom Rofs pray send them to Mr Shaw time enough for him to bring them down in the spring as I trust he will do us that favor.
I would be Obliged to you to Carry my Fergusons Astronomy and my papers which are in Malcom Rofs's Chist at Cumberland House to York Factory with you and deliver them to the Care of Mr Colen. I am with due respect Your Humble Servant
Philip Turnor.
P.S.
if you could send the Twine by Mr Mackensie the better as he will be in earlyer than Mr Small. You may depend on hearing from us by Mr Small I should think two or three Canoes might wait his Pafsing."

Feb. 22
" Tuesday Wind NW a fresh breeze with clear sharp weather. the Smith mending a Broken Claw hammer, taylor making Leaders Cloathing and the rest employed about necefsary Jobbs within doors."

Feb. 23
" Wednesday Wind variable in the South quarter small Breezes with clear sharp weather. Gilbert Laughten repairing James tats gun which was lent to an Indian in the Summer to enable him to procure Birchrind for Canoes, and the rest employed hauling firewood. John harper Came home with 16 Parchment Skins and to get some provisions as the hunters has not killed any animals for several days Past."

Feb. 24
" Thursday Wind variable from East to WNW a fresh Breeze weather as before. the men employed hauling firewood and Pounding Beat meat for Convenience of Carriage."

Feb. 25
" Friday Wind Easterly a small Breeze with clear fine weather. the smith Sharpening the Crofs Cut Saws. and the rest Cut firewood & Cleaned the yard."

Feb. 26
" Saturday Wind NW a strong gale with drifting weather, the men cut firewood and cleaned the yard."

Feb. 27
" Sunday Wind WNW a small breeze with clear Sharp weather."

Feb. 28
" Monday Wind variable from West to NW fresh gales weather as yesterday. the men employed hauling firewood."

Mar. 1 1791
" Tuesday Wind WNW a fresh gale with clear thawing weather. Sent two men with dogs to fetch meat and the rest hauling firewood. in the evening John Sabeston, Magnus tate and William Flat came home for Some necefsaries, these inform me they have enough to do to mantain them selves there being no buffalo to be seen."

Mar. 2
" Wednesday Wind variable light Breezes with clear weather and thawed much. the men variously employed. at noon the two men returnd that went for flesh brought one Poor moose and one Red deer."

Mar. 3
" Thursday Wind variable with cloudy mild weather. two men Sawing Plank for necefsary use. and the rest employed about various Jobbs. this morning Sent Mr Philip Turnors Letters by some Canadians bound for that quarter."

" Manchester House 25th February 1791
Mr Philip Turnor
Sir,
your kind favour of the 22d of Dec. Came Safe to hand Feb. 21st which gave me great Pleasure to hear of your Safe arrival at Isle La Crofs or Menistick.Pack.aha.twanick so early as the seventh of October it being the Second before I got to the Bige fall. - I am sorry to hear you are under the necefsity of being so Obligated to the Gentlemen from Canada which I am Certain is not the Honorable Company's wish, but who ever they employ on any expedition what ever Should be supplyed with every necefsary as fare as Convenience of carriage will Permit = as to the Twine you mention I am certain had you Wrot for such it would have been Packed for the Place = but as to Malcom Rofs not finding any at york Fort Cannot be for on my arrival from England there was enough rem'g to answer your demands of the same kind you Want or very near it. a sample of which I have not sent being two Skiens which is all there is here at Present; We have had one of the mildest Winters I ever knew in this Country, and one of the worst for Provisions I have known for some time; - not being able to keep so many men at the house as to do the necefsary Duty thereto belonging = your demands of twine and Net lines shall be duly executed Please God health Permits and the Canoes arrive in time. as for canoes Waiting the arrival of Mr Small I cannot Promise as that entirely depends on the season and other Circumstances which at Present cannot be determined upon = What instructions you may have I know not neither do I wish to know, but I belive the Company wishes a house to be created at a Convenient Place and that house to be your Randisvou incase of necefsity. I Embarked from York Fort on the 4th of Sept. and after a fatiguing Journey of eight Weeks and six days got to this Place on the 5th of Nov. having laid up our Canoes on the first 12 miles below the fighting River. Since my arrival here have been from hand to mouth on Poor Red deers meat which the men has been two and three days bringing, no buffalo to be seen owing to the ground being burnt last fall and I am afeard we shall not be able to get Provisions for the Journey down = Sir, according to your desire I have sent your Letters as also those for the men with two Skeins of Twine, which I wish you may Receive safe - I return Mr Small many Thanks for his kindnefs in supplying you with thread for your nets, if its ever in my Power to return the favour nothing shall be wanting in my Power to Perform, - you will also Please to late me know what demands Mr Small may have on the Company for what necefsaries you have been supplyed with by that Gentlemen so that he may be Repaid the first Opportunity. I am with due Respect
Sir,
Your Humble Servant
William Tomison."

Mar. 4
" Friday Wind SE a fresh Breeze weather Cloudy with a drizzling snow. two men at the Pitt saw and the rest carrying Ice into the Victualing House to Preserve the green meat. the three men that Came home on the first Instant return'd back to their tent."

Mar. 5
" Saturday Wind NNW a stiff gale with drifting Weather. Gilbert Laughten making a hasp and staples for a PaddLock and the rest employed as yesterday. at noon two tents of black and Blood Indians arriv'd with furs to trade, two of which I was obliged to Rige, but the Shirts being done I was obliged to use my own."

Mar. 6
" Sunday Wind NW a fresh gale with clear Sharp weather. traded with the Indians and made the Leaders small Presents as usual. and they went away. these have brought 170 made Beaver."

Mar. 7
" Monday Wind Southerly a fresh breeze with very sharp weather. Sent four men with dogs to fetch meat from the hunting tent and the rest Pounding Beat meat for the Journey down. in the evening one Indian man and his Wife arriv'd with a few furs to trade."

Mar. 8
" Tuesday Wind WNW a fresh Gale weather as yesterday. Gilbert Laughten repairing kegs, and the rest employed variously within doors. in the evening those return'd that went for meat, brought two small moose and one Red deer."

Mar. 9
" Wednesday Wind WSW weather much the same as before. Sent two men to fetch meat and the rest hauld firewood. traded with the Indian that arrived on monday and he went away."

Mar. 10
" Thursday Wind SW a fresh breeze with clear sharp weather. the People variously employed. late in the evening those Came home that went for meat yesterday brought two small moose."

Mar. 11
" Friday Wind Southerly a small breeze weather cloudy and clear alternatly. two men sawing boards for repairing the Boat and the rest employed about Sundry Jobbs. in the evening Receiv'd a Packet from the South Branch by the arrival of John Stickler and George Short who has brought the following articles of trading goods Viz. Shirts Common of sorts 12. cotton 2. and knives of sorts 48."

" A copy of a Letter received from Mr William Walker
South Branch House 2d March 1791
Dear Sir,
Your kind favour dated the 13th of February arrived here the 20th by the Bearer John Sticklar about 10 Oclock in the evening. the two Canadians who accompanied him came about five the same day. they informed me that they had Left him and that he was not able to walk, for one of his legs was swelled, so I immediatly sent two men off who meet him nigh to the House where he was Put up.
What made me detain him so long was that he was not capable of returning sooner untill such time he recover'd his former state. not only that but Mr Chastellean's men was all to return home the 1st of march for to get Timber for building a new House and &c which they did. I thought then I should have an opportunity to hear some tidings where our men was that I could have him Conducted to them, but they could give no account of them, which Obliged me to send he, George Short, to accompany him; Also the same man and me as had some disputes twice this Winter. he even tells me in Publick he will do nothing, but what he thinks requisit without every body be at it as well as Himself; I do not think that Such Libertys as these be Consistant with the Company's Interests for any Servant do as he Pleases, not only that, since your arrival I have had a Dispute with another man and he told me it did not lay in may Power for to hurt him, and he did not Care a dam for me, says he the Power is out of your hands; I think a master is Come to a fine pafs , when inferior persons is to take the Command to himself and upBraid a master in that manner. I shall go home and beg my bread in London Streets before I stay master over Such unruly Servants as Some is. It still will be Wors and Worse untill such time there is an example made of one or two, and than their ambition might be Lower'd. the Company allowes them to Signe a Contract but there is but few now a days that fulfils it. when you and I Came first to this Country a servant derst not take those Libertys Suppose they were more numerous I do not see but they ought to obey the Articles they Signe too. I never was the man that kept any particular Person Idolty? that should give occasion for any man to say One was not Working as well as another. its very hard a master Cant set a servant to a Jobb without asking Liberty from his men if that was to be the Case the Company has no occasion for any Particular One. Thank God my men has always had as much as they Could eat, only they would on times say it was hardly fit for any Body to eat, but I say God send I never may eat Worse. the above Person was to have built a Canoe and took Wood last fall but Suppose he should never build it I will have it made if Pofsible. the disputes made me Pitch upon he George Short to go with John Sticklar not being Proper for one man to undertake such a Journey by himself. As for my men that is in the Plains I have not seen one of them since they went out and where they are residing now I cannot tell. I have sent with the Bearers the following articles, Shirts Common 12. Cotton 2. Knives yew handle 12. Large long 24. large Roach 12. some old files to make steels if you Please to bring them down with you are send the with the first conveyance in so doing you will Oblige your humble servant William Walker.
The guns I have is bespoke for by those who Trade here, and my Cloth & Liquor being done is all I have to bring an Indian to the House which are Preferable to my Neighbours - I have Traded since my arrival 1500 Beaver in good furs which in all makes 3000. also the Bag of Shot you menton'd in your Last for Cumberland you may depend your orders shall be obeyed, it and every other Particular as fare as in my Power Lays such as canoe building &c. since my Last I hear the Slave Indian is no more he had been some time ailing and he took a knife and Riped himself up. I have nothing more to add but Conclude wishing Succefs to the Companys affaires, every felicity to attend you and all under your Command and Remain
Sir your most Obedient
and Humble Servant
William Walker
P.S. twenty bags of Pemmecan I think I shall be able to Provide for the Journey down If I have any Luck adieu W.W."

Mar. 12
" Saturday Wind Southerly a small breeze weather clear and thawed a little. two men at the saw. three bringing birch for mellet helves and the rest employed within doors. in the evening those returnd that went for meat yesterday brought one deer and Part of a moose."

Mar. 13
" Sunday Wind NNW a fresh gale with drizzling Snow most Part of the day."

Mar. 14
" Monday Wind WNW a fresh Breeze weather cloudy with snow at intervals. Gilbert Laughten repairing bad knives of all sorts, and the rest made 1100 lbs of Pemmecan for the Journey down to York Fort. Robert Linkletar Came home from the hunting tent with some Parchment skins for line to tie up furs also an Indian lad arrived from the Northward for men to fetch furs as they have neither horses nor dogs to Carry them."

Mar. 15
" Tuesday Wind Westerly a fresh breeze with clear sharp weather. the smith employed as yesterday and the rest Pounding Beat meat finer for snuge Carriag."

Mar. 16
" Wednesday Wind and weather as yesterday. the smith as before. sent two men with dogs away with the Indian Lad to bring home their furs, and the rest made up 1400 lbs of Pemmecan for the Journey down."

Mar. 17
" Thursday Wind variable with clear sharp weather. Gilbert Laughten making firesteels for the South Branch Houses and the rest bringing home a red deer that James tate killed this morning afterwards variously employed."

Mar. 18
" Friday Wind variable all round the Compafs with Clear fine weather and thawed a little under the Lee. the smith employed as yesterday, and the rest making Widges for the Prefs. at Seven PM William Rich and John Wood Came home brought 99 Whole Parchment Beaver. 10 half and 17 otters from one Indian which he has killed since the 18th of december he went from this."

Mar. 19
" Saturday Wind SW a fresh breeze with clear weather and thawed much. the men variously employed. in the afternoon an Indian lad Came from the hunting tent for men to fetch meat."

Mar. 20
" Sunday Wind SW a stiff Breeze weather clear and thawed very much."

Mar. 21
" Monday Wind variable light breeze with clear warm Weather. at one Am sent three men to fetch meat the rest Cut firewood and did odd Jobbs within doors."

Mar. 22
" Tuesday Wind Southerly a small Breeze weather clear and cloudy alternatly. four men at the Pitt Saw in their turns. the rest cut and Split wood for Pitching Canoes. at five am the three men Came home that went for meat, brought two small deer and two moose. they traveled from five Pm."

Mar. 23
" Wednesday Wind Southerly a small breeze with clear fine weather. four men at the Pitt Saw. Gilbert Laughten making the Prefs for Packing furs and the rest made 250 lbs of Pemmecan and did odd Jobbs within doors. at noon two men Came home from the Barren ground for some Necefsaries."

Mar. 24
" Thursday Wind SE a fresh breeze with clear thawing weather. the men employed as yesterday. at noon three men Came home from the Barren Ground for some necefsaries and to know what time they are to Come to the house, its true I have Work enough for them all but but I Cannot mantain them at the House there being no Cattle about."

Mar. 25
" Friday Wind variable a strong gale with a drizzling snow. Gilbert Laughten finished the Prefs and the rest employed about sundry Jobbs."

Mar. 26
" Saturday Wind NW a strong gale with a little snow most Part of the day. Gilbert Laughten repairing a Old Spade which was brock last fall. and the rest doing odd Jobbs within doors."

Mar. 27
" Sunday Wind Westerly a fresh Breeze with clear Sharp weather. the five men that came from the Barren Ground return'd early this morning."

Mar. 28
" Monday Wind WNW a strong gale cloudy and Clear alternatly. Sent Gilbert Laughten and two men to get Gunnels and Splinters for Canoes, two men getting Paddles, and the rest variously employed."

Mar. 29
" Tuesday Wind NNW a stiff gale with clear Sharp weather. the men employed as yesterday. in the evening one Indian man arrived for a supply of ammunition."

Mar. 30
" Wednesday Wind and weather as before. the men employed bringing home Paddles, Splinters and Timbers. at noon the Indian went away that arrived last even'g."

Mar. 31
" Thursday Wind WNW a fresh gale with clear Cold weather. Sent four men to afsist in bringing home Gunnels for Canoes, the rest with myself overhauling the furs Traded before my arrival in which I find great deficient many of which I have Cut and burnt not finding them worth Carriage much more to send them to England to Pay duty and not be worth that duty. Packed a few bundles which indeed are but very indifferent. in the evening Gilbert Laughten and those with him Came home."

Apr. 1 1791
" Friday Wind and weather much the same as yesterday. James tate and one man went a hunting. the rest with myself Packed Six bundles of furs. in the evening James Tate Came home having killed two Bull Buffalo three miles off."

Apr. 2
" Saturday Wind variable from West to North fresh Breezes with clear weather. the men employed bringing home meat and cleanning the yard. at noon James Gaddy, William flat Sen., John flat and George Stanger Came home according to Order. also one family of Indians arrived from the Rocky mountain but have brought nothing with them having been to War against the Snake Indians."

Apr. 3
" Sunday Wind and weather as yesterday. at noon five Blood and Peckanow Indians Came for Tobacco."

Apr. 4
" Monday Wind Easterly a fresh Breeze with cold raw weather. Sent James Tate, William Flat and George Stanger a hunting. the Smith repairing two broken Hatchets for Trade. John flat Making thafts for canoes. and the rest employed about various Jobbs."

Apr. 5
" Tuesday Wind NE a stiff Gale weather Cloudy and clear Alternatly. Gilbert Laughten and John flat Plaining Tumbers for Canoes, and the rest as before. in the evening seven muddy River Indians came for Tobacco."

Apr. 6
" Wednesday Wind Easterly a fresh Breeze with thick Cloudy weather. Gilbert Laughten and John flat Plaining Timbers for Canoes. and the rest bringing tent Poles. at noon three tents of blood and Pekanow Indians arrived very Poorly gooded. two of those I have Riged. the Indians that came yesterday got Tobacco and they went away. William Flat and George Stanger Came home with four Horses loaded with buffalo meat, and returnd back again."

Apr. 7
" Thursday Wind variable in the West quarter light breezes weather Part Cloudy Part clear. the People attending the House and doing odd Jobbs within doors. traded with the Indians and made the Leaders small Presents but not as usual being run out in many articles which obliged me to Curtail them of what they used to get. in the evening they all went away. at five Pm the Indian and his family arrived that sent in his furs some time ago, and has brought a few more, have traded 400 and odd made Beaver to day in Wolves, Foxes, and Beaver. also 120 lbs Provisions of Sorts. a great Part of the above Came from those that went to the french House."

Apr. 8
" Friday Wind Southerly a small breeze with mild weather. the men employed about sundry Jobbs. at noon four tents of Pekanow Indians arrived. Six of which I riged, and one more wanted to be Cloathed but had non to give him, for which he went to the Canadian House. indeed I had no Handkerchiefs nor Stockings but my own to Complite the others. Magnus Twat, Isacc Batt and ten more men Came Home accompanyed by an Indian man and his family which has brought ten Roles of Birchrind according to Promise, also Magnus Twat has brought nine."

Apr. 9
" Saturday Wind NE a fresh Breeze with Cloudy weather. the People employed about various Jobbs, traded with the muddy River Indians and they went away in the evening. these have brought near eight hundred made Beaver, three hundred of which was Whole and half Parchment Beaver, and to encourage them I have given Ice Chizzles and files for nothing."

Apr. 10
" Sunday Wind Northerly a strong gale weather Cloudy with a little rain. traded with the Indian that accompany'd magnus Twat from the Beaver hills, and gave him and his Wife a full Suite of Riging for there kindnefs to the Engishmen. in the evening three families of Indians arrivd with furs to trade."

Apr. 11
" Monday Wind variable with clear fine weather. sent Magnus Twat and five men more to get Splinters and timbers for repairing Canoes. sent three men to take Care of the horses, and the rest employed about various duty. traded with the Indians and they went away. also aSsinnepoiet man and his wife arrived with furs and Provisions which he traded and went away."

Apr. 12
" Tuesday Wind Easterly a small breeze with Clear fine weather. sent two men with horses to afsist the hunters in with their furs, Pitch and Lumber. two men bringing Juniper for timbers for the heads of Canoes, and the rest Packed 13 bundles of furs."

Apr. 13
" Wednesday Wind as yesterday a stiff gale with clear weather. Gilbert Laughten and John Flat sawing gunnels for Canoes, and the rest employed at the Prefs. Packed 15 bundles of furs. in the evening magnus Twat and those with him Came home, also the two men that that went to the hunters, brought a few furs and a quantity of Pitch which is more valuable then furs."

Apr. 14
" Thursday Wind weasterly a fresh gale with cloudy weather and snowed all Last night. four men making Wooden Work for Canoes, and the rest Carrying snow out of the yard and did odd Jobbs within doors. in the evening Crofsed two young Indians from the other side brought five Beaver which they traded and went away."

Apr. 15
" Friday Wind variable light breezes with clear fine weather. the Canoe builders as before, and the rest employed at at the Prefs. Packed 20 bundles of furs, in the evening our hunters arrived, gave them a little Liquor I had reserved for them and they got drunk."

Apr. 16
" Saturday Wind NW a small breeze weather as yesterday. the People employed as before. Packed 25 bundles of furs to day."

Apr. 17
" Sunday Wind Northerly a fresh breeze with snow most Part of the day. Paid off the Hunters and traded a few furs from an Indian that came from the Northward. in the evening one Indian Came for tobacco which he got and went away."

Apr. 18
" Monday Wind WNW a small breeze clear fine weather. Gilbert Laughten and one man Repairing the Battoo for Crofsing the Indians. three men employed at Canoe Work, and the rest at the Prefs, Packed 24 bundles of furs to day. late in the evening two families of Indians arrived Poorly gooded."




Home